How to Slovenia

21 Feb 2022, 16:36 PM

Časoris is an online newspaper aimed at children. Each week we’ll take an article and post it here as a Slovene-English dual text.

Risi v naših gozdovih

Lynx in our forest

Written by Dora Adamič, translated by JL Flanner & G Translate

Risi, ki so jih v okviru evropskega projekta Life Lynx doselili v slovenske in hrvaške gozdove, so se v njih udomačili in se že nekaj časa uspešno razmnožujejo.

Lynx, which were moved to Slovenian and Croatian forests as part of the European Life Lynx project, have become at home in them and been successfully breeding for some time.

Projekt Life Lynx je evropski projekt, ki se zavzema proti izumrtju risa v dinarskih in alpskih gozdovih.

The Life Lynx project is a European project working against the extinction of lynx in the Dinaric and Alpine forests.

V naravo so izpustili že 13 risov – štiri na Hrvaškem in devet v Sloveniji.

Thirteen lynxes have already been released into the wild - four in Croatia and nine in Slovenia.

»Velika večina jih je preživela, vsi so za zdaj ostali na območju, kjer so tudi drugi risi. Tako se lahko s parjenjem vključijo v populacijo teh živali,« pravi Tomaž Skrbinšek z Biotehniške fakultete.

“The vast majority of them have survived, all of them have remained in the area for now, where there are also other lynxes. In this way, they can become involved in the population of these animals by mating, “says Tomaž Skrbinšek from the Biotechnical Faculty.

V poročilu pravijo, da se je velik del doseljenih risov že vključil v populacijo.

The report says a large proportion of the lynx that have arrived have already joined the population.

Znanstveniki so v dveh letih zabeležili pet legel v Dinaridih. Prvi priseljeni ris Goru je imel mladičke vsaj dvakrat, če ne trikrat.Lani so leglo zaznali tudi v Julijskih Alpah.

Scientists have recorded five litters in the Dinarides in two years. The first immigrant lynx – Gora - had puppies at least twice, if not three times.

Število risov v naravi spremljamo s pomočjo fotografij z avtomatskimi kamerami in s pomočjo genetskih raziskav.

The number of lynxes in the wild is monitored with the help of photographs from automatic cameras and genetic research.

Tomaž Skrbinšek – »Kožuh risa je namreč pokrit s pegami, ki se med posameznimi risi razlikujejo. Tako jih prepoznavamo in razlikujemo.«

Tomaž Skrbinšek – "The lynx's fur is covered with spots that differ between individual lynxes. That's how we recognize and distinguish them.”

Vsaka celica risovega telesa vsebuje edinstvene genetske podatke, ki jih risi puščajo v okolju z odpadlimi dlakami, urinom in iztrebki. Raziskovalci tako rise prepoznavajo tudi s pomočjo DNK.

Each cell of the lynx's body contains unique genetic data that lynx leave in an environment with lost hair, urine and feces. Researchers also identify such lynx using DNA.

»Vzorce poberemo in analiziramo v laboratoriju. Tako lahko prepoznamo družinske odnose med posameznimi risi. Potomce tistih, ki smo jih doselili v projektu, lahko ločimo od ostalih risov v populaciji,« dodaja Tomaž Skrbinšek.

“Samples are collected and analysed in the laboratory. We can thus identify family relationships between individual lynxes. The descendants of those who immigrated in the project can be distinguished from other lynxes in the population, "adds Tomaž Skrbinšek.

Rise iz projekta bodo še naprej pozorno spremljali. Raziskovalci upajo, da bodo lahko letos potrdili, da so si ustvarili nove potomce.

Lynx from the project will continue to be closely monitored. Researchers hope to be able to confirm this year that they have created new offspring.

Read more stories and improve your Slovene at Časoris, while all our dual texts can be found here.

14 Feb 2022, 13:48 PM

Časoris is an online newspaper aimed at children. Each week we’ll take an article and post it here as a Slovene-English dual text.

Olimpijska medalja je najlepša nagrada za trud in vztrajnost

An Olympic medal is the most beautiful reward for hard work and perseverance

Written by Sabina Lavrič translated by JL Flanner & G Translate

Slovenija je majhna država, ki pa se lahko pohvali z velikimi športnimi zgodbami. Najlepše zagotovo pišejo olimpijske igre.

Slovenia is a small country, but it can boast of great sports stories. The most beautiful are certainly written by the Olympic Games.

Vsak športnik si želi odnesti medaljo s tega tekmovanja. To je najboljša nagrada za večletni trud, požrtvovalnost in vztrajnost.

Every athlete wants to take home a medal from this competition. This is the best reward for many years of hard work, sacrifice and perseverance.

Za eno najlepših zgodb olimpijskih iger v Pekingu je poskrbela deskarka Gloria Kotnik, ki je presenetila s tretjim mestom v paralelnem veleslalomu.

One of the most beautiful stories of the Beijing Olympics was provided by snowboarder Gloria Kotnik, who surprised with third place in the parallel giant slalom.

Pred tem je začasno celo nehala trenirati, saj je njeno telo potrebovalo počitek. Ni imela več energije in motivacije, deskanje ji ni bilo več v veselje. Pred letom dni je postala tudi mama. Nato se je odločila, da bo tekmovala naprej in nazadnje ji je uspelo uresničiti sanje.

Prior to that, she even temporarily stopped training as her body needed rest. She no longer had the energy and motivation, snowboarding was no longer a pleasure for her. She also became a mother a year ago. Then she decided to race on, and finally she managed to make her dream come true.

Srebrne medalje se je na isti dan razveselil Tim Mastnak. Deskanje ima neizmerno rad. Pravi, da je to ključ do uspeha: »Težko si v športu uspešen, če v njem ne uživaš.«

The silver medal was won by Tim Mastnak on the same day. He loves snowboarding a lot. He says this is the key to success: "It's hard to be successful in a sport if you don't enjoy it."

Medalja mešane skakalne ekipe je bila najbolj pričakovana.

The medal for the mixed jumping team was the most anticipated.

Urša Bogataj in Nika Križnar sta znova stali na odru za zmagovalke, tokrat sta jima družbo delala še Peter Prevc in Timi Zajc.

Urša Bogataj and Nika Križnar once again stood on the stage for the winners, this time accompanied by Peter Prevc and Timi Zajc.

Zlato medaljo so si okoli vratu nadeli na Prešernov dan in tako je Zdravljica v Pekingu zazvenela tudi prav na ta praznik.

They put a gold medal around their necks on Prešeren's Day, and so Zdravljica [the Slovenian national anthem, with the lyrics being a poem by Prešeren] was played on this very holiday.

A medalj s tem še ni bilo konec. Žan Kranjec je na veleslalomu že prvo progo odpeljal dobro; dosegel je osmi najboljši čas. V drugo pa mu je uspel sanjski nastop od štarta do cilja.

But the medals were not over. Žan Kranjec skied well on the first run in the giant slalom – he got the eighth best time. In the second, he managed a dream performance from the start to the finish.

Kljub vijugasti progi in slabi vidljivosti si je prismučal srebrno odličje! »Olimpijska medalja je nekaj neverjetnega. Sanjal sem o tem,« je povedal po izjemnem uspehu.

Despite the winding track and poor visibility, he won a silver medal! “The Olympic medal is something amazing. I dreamed about it," he said after this great success.

Skupaj je to že šest medalj za Slovenijo. Upamo, da bomo do konca iger 20. februarja poročali še o kakšni.

In total, this is already six medals for Slovenia. We hope to report on some more by the end of the games on February 20th.

Read more stories and improve your Slovene at Časoris, while all our dual texts can be found here.

07 Feb 2022, 13:34 PM

Časoris is an online newspaper aimed at children. Each week we’ll take an article and post it here as a Slovene-English dual text.

V Plečnikovem letu se spominjamo njegove izjemne arhitekture

In Plečnik's year we remember his exceptional architecture

Written by Sandra Hanžič,  translated by JL Flanner & G Translate

Letošnje leto bodo zaznamovali različni dogodki in obletnice. To bo med drugim olimpijsko leto, leto evropske mladine, doma pa tudi Tartinijevo in Plečnikovo leto.

This year will be marked by various events and anniversaries. This will be, among other things, the Olympic Year, the Year of European Youth, and the Tartini and Plečnik Years at home.

Vlada ga je razglasila, ker praznujemo 150-letnico rojstva arhitekta Jožeta Plečnika.

The government has announced it because we are celebrating the 150th anniversary of the birth of the architect Jože Plečnik.

Živel je v Ljubljani, a njegove zgradbe najdemo po vsej Sloveniji.

He lived in Ljubljana, but his buildings can be found all over Slovenia.

Ustvarjal je še na Dunaju in v Pragi, kjer je študiral, delal in poučeval.

He also created in Vienna and Prague, where he studied, worked and taught.

Njegovih del takrat niso razumeli, očitali so mu celo, da je staromoden. Navdih zanje je namreč iskal v antiki pri Grkih in Rimljanih.

His works were not understood at the time, he was even accused of being old-fashioned. He sought inspiration for them in antiquity, from the Greeks and Romans.

Elemente, značilne za ta čas – stebre, piramide, krogle, loke –, lahko opazimo v skoraj vseh njegovih delih.

Elements characteristic of this time - pillars, pyramids, spheres, arches - can be seen in almost all his works.

Danes vemo, da je bil kreativen, inovativen in napreden za svoj čas, pravijo Tina Silič, Barbara Viki Šubic in Tina Gradišer s Centra arhitekture Slovenije.

Today we know that he was creative, innovative and progressive for his time, say Tina Silič, Barbara Viki Šubic and Tina Gradišer from the Centre of Slovenian Architecture.

Arhitekturo je ustvarjal za ljudi. Postavljal jih je v ospredje javnega življenja, umeščal je naravo po mestu, s svojimi deli je krepil skupnost, zavzemal se je za ugodno bivalno okolje ter ustvarjal mesto po meri pešca.

He created architecture for people. He placed them at the forefront of public life, placed nature around the city, strengthened the community with his works, advocated a favourable living environment and created a city tailored to pedestrians.

Njegova arhitektura je bila trajnostna. Uporabljal je lokalne materiale ter recikliral gradbene elemente. Ali veš, da je za stebre cerkve Sv. Mihaela uporabil kar kanalizacijske cevi?

His architecture was sustainable. He used local materials and recycled building elements. Did you know that for the pillars of the church of St. Michael's Church [Cerkev sv. Mihaela na Barju] used sewer pipes?

Zveni znano? Z vsemi temi vprašanji se arhitekti ukvarjajo še danes.

Sounds familiar? Architects still deal with all these issues today.

Vedno bolj se zavedajo blagodejnega vpliva narave, dreves, potreb po ugodnem življenjskem prostoru za vse prebivalce in problemov, ki jih v mesta prinaša promet, navajajo sogovornice.

They are becoming more and more aware of the beneficial effects of nature, trees, the need for a favourable living space for all residents and the problems that traffic brings to cities.

V Ljubljani bodo kmalu prenovili njegovo trafiko. Banka Slovenije bo izdala njegove spominske kovance, v teh dneh pa bo izšel ponatis njegovega stripa.

His trafika [newsstand] will soon be renovated in Ljubljana. The Bank of Slovenia will issue his commemorative coins, and a reprint of a graphic novel about him will also be published soon.

Izjemnost njegove arhitekture se kaže tudi z vpisom njegovih del med Unescovo svetovno kulturno dediščino.

The exceptionality of his architecture is also shown by the inscription of his works among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Read more stories and improve your Slovene at Časoris, while all our dual texts can be found here.

31 Jan 2022, 15:10 PM

Časoris is an online newspaper aimed at children. Each week we’ll take an article and post it here as a Slovene-English dual text.

Kako Pravilno Hraniti Ptice Pozimi?

How to Properly Feed Birds in Winter?

Written by Vanessa, translated by JL Flanner & G Translate

Pozimi lahko pticam pomagaš, tako da jim ponudiš primerno hrano, in jih nato od blizu opazuješ in spoznavaš.

In winter, you can help the birds by offering them suitable food, and then observe and get to know them closely.

Kako to početi, da jim ne škodiš?

How do you do that so you don't hurt them?

Ptice stalnice, ki pozimi ostanejo pri nas, lahko zaradi manjše količine hrane v naravi začnemo hraniti že pozno jeseni, najbolje pa takrat, ko zapade sneg.

Due to the small amount of food in the wild, you can start feeding birds that stay with us in winter in late autumn, and preferably when the snow falls.

V ptičjo krmilnico jim nasujemo mešanico sončničnih in konopljinih semen ter proso.

We can pour a mixture of sunflower and hemp seeds and millet into a bird feeder.

Sinice prav tako zelo rade uživajo v lojnih pogačah.

Titmouses also love to enjoy sebaceous cakes.

Nekatere vrste ptic imajo najraje jabolka in rozine.

Some species of birds prefer apples and raisins.

Da pa bi privabili velikega detla, mu lahko nastavimo orehe in arašide.

But to attract the great woodpecker, we can put out nuts and peanuts.

Ptic nikoli ne hranimo z ostanki človeške hrane, saj je preslana in premastna.

Birds are never fed leftover human food, as it is too salty and fatty.

Ščinkavci in vrabci se najpogosteje hranijo na tleh.

Finches and sparrows most often feed on the ground.

Hrano jim lahko nastavimo kar tja, dobro pa je, da jo zaščitimo pred dežjem in snegom.

We can set their food right there, but it’s good to protect it from rain and snow.

To lahko storimo tako, da nad krmiščem postavimo manjšo streho.

This can be done by placing a smaller roof over the feeding area.

Ptičja krmilnica lahko visi na žici. Paziti moramo le, da je čvrsto pritrjena.

The bird feeder can hang on a wire. We just have to make sure it is firmly attached.

Najbolje je, da jo obesimo na drevo ali postavimo v bližino grmovja.

It is best to hang it on a tree or place it near a bush.

Tako se ji lahko ptice postopoma približajo, obenem pa imajo varno zavetje pred plenilci, kot so mačke.

In this way, birds can gradually approach it, while at the same time having a safe shelter from predators such as cats.

Na krmiščih se zbira veliko ptic, zato se tam prenašajo različne bolezni, med njimi tudi ptičja gripa.

Many birds gather on feeding grounds, so various diseases are transmitted there, including bird flu.

Z njo se je okužilo več labodov v okolici Slovenske Bistrice. Tam so zato do danes veljali posebni zaščitni ukrepi.

Several swans in the vicinity of Slovenska Bistrica once became infected with this. To this day, special protective measures remain in place there.

Zelo pomembno je, da krmilnico temeljito očistimo vsak dan. Z zaščitnimi rokavicami moramo odstraniti vse ostanke hrane in iztrebke.

It is very important to clean the bird feeder thoroughly every day. We must remove all food debris and excrement with protective gloves.

Vedno poskrbimo še, da imajo ptice na voljo dovolj sveže hrane.

We always make sure that the birds have enough fresh food available.

Read more stories and improve your Slovene at Časoris, while all our dual texts can be found here.

24 Jan 2022, 17:23 PM

Časoris is an online newspaper aimed at children. Each week we’ll take an article and post it here as a Slovene-English dual text.

Dinozavrsko jajce razkrilo skrivnosti razvoja ptic iz dinozavrov

A dinosaur egg has revealed the secrets of the development of birds from dinosaurs

Written by Dora Adamič, translated by JL Flanner & G Translate

Dinozavri vedno znova burijo domišljijo otrok in znanstvenikov. V Veliki Britaniji se denimo te dni ukvarjajo z odkritjem velikanskega fosila ihtiozavra.

Dinosaurs always stir the imagination of children and scientists. In the UK, for example, they are currently working on the discovery of a giant ichthyosaur fossil.

Na Kitajskem pa so nedavno znanstveniki odkrili neverjetno ohranjeno jajce z zarodkom dinozavra, staro kar 66 milijonov let!

In China, however, scientists have recently discovered an amazingly preserved dinosaur embryo egg that is 66 million years old!

Izkopali so ga že leta 2000, vendar so ga najprej shranili v muzeju. Posvetili so se mu šele, ko so začeli razvrščati shranjene fosile.

It was excavated as early as 2000, but was first stored in a museum. They started working on it only when they began to sort the stored fossils.

Dinozavra so poimenovali Baby Yingliang po muzeju, v katerem je bil hranjen.

The dinosaur was named Baby Yingliang, after the museum where it was kept.

Znanstveniki sklepajo, da je ostal nepoškodovan zaradi zemeljskega plazu, ki ga je zaščitil pred zunanjimi vplivi.

Scientists conclude that it remained unharmed due to a landslide that protected it from external influences.

Plaz ga je prekril v trenutku, ko se je začel pripravljati na izvalitev. Glavo je postavil pod telo, razširil noge in ukrivil hrbet, kar spominja na izvalitev pri kokoši, kot jo poznamo danes.

The landslide covered it the moment it began to prepare to hatch. It placed its head under its body, spread his legs and bent it back, reminiscent of hatching in chickens as we know it today.

To odkritje bo raziskovalcem pomagalo pri podrobnejšemu raziskovanju sorodstva med pticami in dinozavri.

This discovery will help researchers investigate the kinship between birds and dinosaurs in more detail.

Dinozavra so uvrstili med oviraptorozavre. To je skupina dinozavrov s perjem, ki je bila v pozni kredi razširjena v Aziji in Severni Ameriki.

The dinosaur was classified as an oviraptor. This is a group of feathered dinosaurs that was widespread in the Late Cretaceous in Asia and North America.

Zarodek je od glave do repa meril le 27 centimetrov. Če bi dočakal odraslo dobo, bi najverjetneje dosegel dolžino dveh ali treh metrov, prehranjeval pa bi se z rastlinami.

The embryo measured only 27 centimetres from head to tail. If it reached adulthood, it would most likely reach a length of two or three meters, and would feed on plants.

Del njegovega telesa je še vedno prekrit s kamnom. Raziskovalci bodo uporabili napredne tehnike skeniranja, da bodo lahko ustvarili celotno sliko njegovega okostja.

Part of its body is still covered with stone. Researchers will use advanced scanning techniques to be able to create a complete picture of its skeleton.

Read more stories and improve your Slovene at Časoris, while all our dual texts can be found here.

16 Jan 2022, 20:49 PM

Časoris is an online newspaper aimed at children. Each week we’ll take an article and post it here as a Slovene-English dual text.

Robot, ki so ga navdahnile ptice

A robot inspired by birds

Written by Sandra Hanžič, translated by JL Flanner & G Translate

S čim navdušujejo ptice?

Why are we fascinated by birds?

Ptice lahko letijo; ta brezmejna svoboda je človeštvo navdihovala vso zgodovino.

Birds can fly; this boundless freedom has inspired humanity throughout history.

A pomembno je tudi, da pristanejo na skoraj vsaki površini.

But it is also important that they can land on almost any surface.

Ta lastnost je dolgo vznemirjala znanstvenike.

This characteristic has long intrigued scientists.

Ekipa inženirjev univerze Stanford je sedaj ustvarila robota, ki lahko sedi, prenaša in lovi predmete tudi v zraku. Ujame lahko celo teniško žogico!

A team of Stanford University engineers has now created a robot that can sit, carry and hunt objects even in the air. It can even catch a tennis ball!

Navdih za njegova stopala in noge so našli pri sokolu selcu.

Inspiration for his feet and legs was found in the falcon.

Presenetilo nas je, da ptice pri pristajanju v zraku izvajajo enake prijeme ne glede na površino, na katero se spuščajo. Svojim nogam pustijo, da se prilagodijo raznolikosti in zahtevnosti površine. - William Roderick

We were surprised that the birds perform the same grips when landing in the air, regardless of the surface on which they land. They allow their feet to adapt to the diversity and complexity of the surface. – William Roderick

Vsaka robotova noga ima dva motorja; en skrbi za premikanje naprej in nazaj, drugi pa uravnava oprijem površine.

Each robot leg has two motors; one takes care of moving back and forth and the other regulates the grip of the surface.

Poseben oprijemalni mehanizem na koncu noge absorbira energijo pristanka in jo pretvori v silo oprijema. Sproži, razpre in zapre se v 20 milisekundah.

A special gripping mechanism at the end of the leg absorbs the landing energy and converts it into a gripping force. Triggers, unfolds and closes in 20 milliseconds.

Robot lahko tako pristane na katerikoli površini – na suhi ali na mokri, na gladki ali na grobi.

The robot can land on any surface - dry or wet, smooth or rough.

Pri čem ta znanstveni preboj lahko pomaga?

What can this scientific breakthrough help with?

Znanstveniki menijo, da bi taki leteči roboti lahko sodelovali pri iskanju ter reševanju ali pri spremljanju požarov v naravi.

Scientists believe that such flying robots could be involved in search and rescue, or monitoring wildfires.

Dosedaj so morali v takih primerih lebedeti, odslej pa bi lahko marsikje tudi pristali in tako varčevali z energijo.

To date, they have had to hover in such cases, but from now on they could land in many places and thus save energy.

Ekologi pa bi z njimi lažje zbirati podatke, denimo v nedostopnih gozdovih.

It would also be easier for ecologists to collect data with them, for example in inaccessible forests.

Roboti, ki so jih navdahnile ptice, so združljivi tudi z drugimi tehnologijami, ne samo z droni.

Bird-inspired robots are also compatible with other technologies, not just drones.

»Želimo, da bi lahko pristali kjer koli – to je tisto, kar to tehnologijo naredi vznemirljivo,« pravi eden od sodelujočih strokovnjakov David Lentink.

“We want to be able to land anywhere - that’s what makes this technology exciting,” says one of the participating experts, David Lentink.

Read more stories and improve your Slovene at Časoris, while all our dual texts can be found here.

10 Jan 2022, 15:25 PM

Časoris is an online newspaper aimed at children. Each week we’ll take an article and post it here as a Slovene-English dual text.

Najnaprednejši teleskop v vesolju

The most advanced telescope in space

Written by Sandra Hanžič,  translated by JL Flanner & G Translate

Božične praznike smo večinoma praznovali mirno.

We mostly celebrated the Christmas holidays peacefully.

Ampak napeto pa je bilo v vesoljskem centru v Francoski Gvajani, iz katerega so prav na božični dan izstrelili teleskop James Webb.

But it was tense at the space centre in French Guiana, from where the James Webb telescope was launched on Christmas Day.

Ta bo nadomestil Hubblov teleskop in nam prinesel še boljši pogled v vesolje.

This will replace the Hubble Space Telescope and give us an even better view of space.

Teleskop je v vesolje popeljala raketa Ariane 5. Ko se je od nje ločil, je upravljanje prevzela ameriška vesoljska agencija NASA.

The telescope was launched into space by the Ariane 5 rocket. When it separated from it, the US space agency NASA took over.

Orbito bo dosegel čez približno tri tedne. Končni cilj pa je od Zemlje oddaljen približno 1,5 milijona kilometrov.

It will reach orbit in about three weeks. The final destination is about 1.5 million kilometres from Earth.

Nato bo pol leta trajalo, da bo razgrnil svoj sončni ščit in glavno, 6,5-metrsko ogledalo. Pripravil bo inštrumente za fotografiranje nebesnih teles in za spektroskopijo ter se ohladil.

It will then take half a year for him to unfold his sun shield and main, 6.5-meter mirror. He will prepare instruments for photographing celestial bodies and for spectroscopy, and cool down.

Kaj bo njegova naloga?

What will its task be?

Preučeval bo nastanek vesolja vse do 200 milijonov let po velikem poku. Ta se je zgodil pred 13,8 milijarde let.

It will study the formation of the universe up to 200 million years after the Big Bang. This happened 13.8 billion years ago.

Poleg tega bo odkrival planete zunaj Osončja in iskal sledi življenja.

In addition, it will discover planets outside the Solar System and look for traces of life.

Znanstvenik John C. Mather, ki sodeluje pri projektu, je že pred leti dejal, da je zelo velika verjetnost, da bi nekje v vesolju našli življenje.

The scientist John C. Mather, who is involved in the project, said years ago that there is a very high probability that they would find life somewhere in space.

»Ne smemo biti presenečeni, če bomo življenje našli na Marsu, Evropi, Titanu ali drugje v Osončju in če bomo zaznali kisik okoli planetov, ki krožijo okoli druge zvezde.«

"We should not be surprised if we find life on Mars, Europe, Titan or elsewhere in the Solar System and if we detect oxygen around planets orbiting another star."

Teleskop so začeli graditi leta 2004, zaradi zapletov pa so ga dokončali šele konec lanskega leta.

Construction of the telescope began in 2004, but due to complications it was not completed until the end of last year.

Projekt se je podražil za trikrat od prvotnih načrtov in je danes vreden skoraj 9 milijard evrov.

The cost of the project has risen three times since the original plans, and is worth almost 9 billion euros today.

Read more stories and improve your Slovene at Časoris, while all our dual texts can be found here.

02 Jan 2022, 19:33 PM

Časoris is an online newspaper aimed at children. Each week we’ll take an article and post it here as a Slovene-English dual text.

Dobre novice iz Slovenije v letu 2021

Good news from Slovenia in 2021

Written by Romana Dobnikar Šeruga, translated by JL Flanner & G Translate

Po čem si boš najbolj zapomnila leto 2021? Po koroni in vseh zoprnijah, povezanih z epidemijo, gotovo. Toda kateri so bili drugi dogodki, pomembni za vso Slovenijo?

What will you remember most about 2021? After the coronavirus and all the annoyances associated with the epidemic, of course. But what were other important events for the whole of Slovenia?

Na srečo so nas slovenski športniki tudi leta 2021 znova večkrat razveselili z zmagami in medaljami.

Fortunately, Slovenian athletes once again delighted us several times in 2021 with victories and medals.

V Tokiu so na olimpijskih igrah osvojili tri zlate, eno srebrno in eno bronasto medaljo, na paraolimpijskih igrah pa še dve odličji.

In Tokyo, they won three gold, one silver and one bronze medal at the Olympic Games, and two more medals at the Paralympic Games.

Kolesarja Tadej Pogačar in Primož Roglič sta znova zmagala na dveh od treh velikih večetapnih dirk.

Cyclists Tadej Pogačar and Primož Roglič won two of the three big multi-stage races again.

Plezalka Janja Garnbret je dokazala, da je najboljša športna plezalka na svetu.

Climber Janja Garnbret has proven to be the best sports climber in the world.

Nordijski smučarji so na svetovnem prvenstvu šestkrat stopili na zmagovalni oder, odbojkarji so tretjič zaigrali v finalu evropskega prvenstva in tretjič osvojili srebrno medaljo.

The Nordic skiers took the podium six times at the World Championships, the volleyball players played in the European Championship final for the third time and won the silver medal for the third time.

Dobra novica je bila tudi končana obnova Cukrarne. Nekdanja »ljubljanska sramota« na obrežju Ljubljanice je postala nova mestna znamenitost – muzej sodobne umetnosti.

The good news was also the completed renovation of Cukrarna [a former sugar factory]. The former "Ljubljana shame" on the banks of the Ljubljanica has become a new city landmark - the Museum of Contemporary Art.

Za državo Slovenijo je bilo pomembno tudi šestmesečno predsedovanje Evropski uniji. Od 1. julija do 31. decembra je vodila vrsto pomembnih srečanj in se trudila usklajevati različne interese vseh 27 članic Unije pri številnih pomembnih zadevah. Kot država, v kateri je pravica do pitne vode zapisana v ustavo, je na primer dosegla sprejem sklepov o svetovnem pomenu vode. Pomanjkanje vode vpliva na mir in varnost, zato je pomembno učinkovito upravljanje voda.

The six-month presidency of the European Union was also important for the state of Slovenia. From 1 July to 31 December, it chaired a series of important meetings and sought to reconcile the different interests of all 27 members of the Union on a number of important issues. As a country where the right to drinking water is enshrined in the constitution, for example, it has reached conclusions on the global importance of water. Water scarcity affects peace and security, so effective water management is important.

In ne nazadnje: risom v Sloveniji se obetajo boljši časi! Evrazijskega risa (Lynx lynx), so pred izumrtjem rešili s priseljevanjem risov iz Romunije in Slovaške. Prva dva sta prišla spomladi 2019. Letos pa so pet risov naselili na Gorenjskem.

And last but not least: lynx in Slovenia are promised better times! The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), was saved from extinction by importing lynx from Romania and Slovakia. The first two came in the spring of 2019. This year, five lynx settled in Gorenjska.

Read more stories and improve your Slovene at Časoris, while all our dual texts can be found here.

21 Dec 2021, 20:00 PM

Časoris is an online newspaper aimed at children. Each week we’ll take an article and post it here as a Slovene-English dual text.

Na Slovenija ima talent je zmagala Tajda Korče!

Tajda Korče won Slovenia's Got Talent!

Written by Sandra Hanžič,  translated by JL Flanner & G Translate

Šov Slovenija ima talent je sinoči dobil novo zmagovalko!

The show Slovenia’s Got Talent got a new winner last night!

Kaj so tekmovalci pripravili za finale osme sezone?

What did the contestants prepare for the finals of the eighth season?

Tina Pezdirec je nastopila s posebej zanjo predelano pesmijo iz filma Ledeno kraljestvo, Martin Arbi s svojo pesmijo Edina, Marko Stanković z rokersko balado Knocking on Heaven’s Door in Ana Grdadolnik z božično zimzeleno uspešnico All I Want For Christmas Is You.

Tina Pezdirec performed a specially adapted song from the film Frozen, Martin Arbi with his song Edina, Marko Stanković with the rock ballad Knocking on Heaven’s Door and Ana Grdadolnik with the evergreen Christmas hit All I Want For Christmas Is You.

Duo s harfo, glasbenici De Liri, sta združili pesmi Orion in Od višine se zvrti.

The harp duo, musicians De Liri, combined the songs Orion and Od višine se zvrti.

Gimnastičarka Tajda Korče je na oder prišla v škatli, akrobatka Tamia Šeme je bruhala ogenj, Maša Ferme je prikazala poslastico s hulahup obroči.

Gymnast Tajda Korče came on stage in a box, acrobat Tamia Šeme breathed fire, Maša Ferme showed a trick with hula hoop rings.

Mama in hči, Suzana in Julija, sta odplesali zgodbo o prepirih med otroki in njihovimi starši.

Mother and daughter, Suzana and Julija, danced a story about quarrels between children and their parents.

Deseti finalist, hrvaški pevec Dino Petrić, ni nastopil, saj se je okužil s koronavirusom. Je pa mešanico slovenskih božično-novoletnih pesmi, ki jo je želel predstaviti v finalu, objavil na YouTubu.

The tenth finalist, Croatian singer Dino Petrić, did not perform as he contracted the coronavirus. However, he posted a mixture of Slovenian Christmas and New Year's songs, which he wanted to present in the finals, on YouTube.

V superfinale sta se uvrstili Tamia Šeme in Tajda Korče. Največ telefonskih glasov pa je zbrala Tajda.

Tamia Šeme and Tajda Korče qualified for the super finals. Tajda collected the most phone votes.

»Še vedno čakam, da se zbudim. Hvala za vsak glas, hvaležna sem za čisto vse,« je po razglasitvi zmage presenečena povedala voditeljema oddaje Petru Polesu in Sašu Staretu. Prav njun zlati gumb jo je iz avdicije popeljal v polfinale.

“I’m still waiting to wake up. Thank you for every vote, I am grateful for everything,” she said to the hosts of the show, Peter Poles and Sašo Staret, after the announcement of the victory. It was their golden button that took her from the audition to the semifinals.

Če imaš tudi ti kakšen talent, se lahko prijaviš za tekmovanje v novi, deveti sezoni oddaje!

If you also have some talent, you can apply to compete in the new, ninth season of the show!

Jan Plestenjak, ki je nastopil med telefonskim glasovanjem, je vse pevske finaliste še povabil, da nastopijo z njim na valentinovem koncertu v Stožicah.

Jan Plestenjak, who performed during the telephone voting, invited all the singing finalists to perform with him at a Valentine's Day concert in Stožice.

Read more stories and improve your Slovene at Časoris, while all our dual texts can be found here.

13 Dec 2021, 10:13 AM

Časoris is an online newspaper aimed at children. Each week we’ll take an article and post it here as a Slovene-English dual text.

Cepivo ali zdravilo proti novemu koronavirusu?

A vaccine or medicine against a new coronavirus?

Written by Dora Adamič, translated by JL Flanner & G Translate

Zadnje čase pogosto slišimo o zdravilih proti bolezni, ki jo povzroča novi koronavirus.

Lately, we often hear about drugs against the disease caused by the new coronavirus.

Kako ločimo cepivo od zdravila?

How do we distinguish a vaccine from a drug?

»Cepiv in zdravil ne moremo primerjati, saj popolnoma drugače učinkujejo. S cepivom poskušamo preprečiti bolezen, z zdravili pa bolezen zdravimo,« pojasnjuje specializant infektologije David Zupančič.

"Vaccines and medicines cannot be compared, because they work completely differently. We try to prevent the disease with vaccines, and we treat the disease with drugs, ”explains David Zupančič, a specialist in infectology.

»Bolj svetujemo cepljenje kot poskuse, da bolezen prebolimo in pozdravimo.«

"Vaccination is more advisable than trying to get over and cure the disease."

Covid-19 je virusno obolenje, zato ga ne moremo zdraviti z antibiotiki. Ti delujejo le na bakterijske okužbe.

COVID-19 is a viral disease, so it cannot be treated with antibiotics. These only work on bacterial infections.

Pri virusnih okužbah običajno pustimo, da se imunski sistem spopade z okužbo.

In viral infections, we usually let the immune system fight the infection.

Ob tem blažimo simptome, znižamo denimo telesno temperaturo in veliko počivamo. Tega ne smemo enačiti z zdravljenjem.

At the same time, we alleviate the symptoms, such as reducing our body temperature and resting a lot. This should not be equated with treatment.

Zdravila proti novemu koronavirusu pridejo v poštev le pri hujših potekih bolezni kot zadnja izbira, saj imajo mnogo stranskih učinkov.

Drugs against the new coronavirus are only considered in more severe cases as the last resort, as they have many side effects.

Poleg tega delujejo na različne načine in moramo biti pri njihovi uporabi previdni.

In addition, they work in different ways, and we need to be careful when using them.

V zadnjem času se veliko govori o protivirusnem zdravilu remdesivir, ki zavira razmnoževanje virusa.

There has been a lot of talk lately about the antiviral drug remdesivir, which inhibits the replication of the virus.

Poznamo tudi zdravljenje s protitelesi, ki se tarčno vežejo na virus. Obstaja več vrst protiteles – nekatera pomagajo imunskemu sistemu pri prepoznavanju in uničevanju virusa, druga pa lahko zaustavijo njegovo razmnoževanje.

We also know of treatment with antibodies that target the virus. There are several types of antibodies – some help the immune system recognize and destroy the virus, while others can stop it from reproducing.

V kasnejši fazi, ko lahko pride do pljučnice, so zelo učinkoviti steroidi. Steroidi zavirajo naš imunski sistem, da ne pride do prehudega vnetja, ki lahko povzroči hude poškodbe organov.

At a later stage, when pneumonia can occur, steroids are very effective. Steroids suppress our immune system to prevent excessive inflammation, which can cause severe organ damage.

Če steroide uporabimo prezgodaj, lahko zavremo lastno obrambo proti virusu in poslabšamo stanje.

If we use steroids too early, we can slow down our own defences against the virus and make the condition worse.

»V Sloveniji se za zdravljenje covida-19 uporabljajo steroidi, protivirusno zdravilo remdesivir, infuzije protiteles, v posebnih pogojih tudi druga monoklonska protitelesa. Na poti pa sta še dve zelo obetavni novi protivirusni zdravili, ki ju že nestrpno pričakujemo,« dodaja David Zupančič.

"In Slovenia, steroids, the antiviral drug remdesivir, antibody infusions and, under special conditions, other monoclonal antibodies are used to treat COVID-19. There are two other very promising new antiviral drugs on the way, which we are already looking forward to, "adds David Zupančič.

Read more stories and improve your Slovene at Časoris, while all our dual texts can be found here.

07 Dec 2021, 12:03 PM

Časoris is an online newspaper aimed at children. Each week we’ll take an article and post it here as a Slovene-English dual text.

Hov hov, se slišimo?

Woof, woof, can we hear you?

Written by Dora Adamič, translated by JL Flanner & G Translate

Kakšno veselje prevzame psa, ko se njegov lastnik vrne domov, čeprav je bil zdoma denimo samo eno uro!

What a joy it is for a dog when their owner returns home, even if he has only been away for an hour, for example!

Psi čas dojemajo drugače kot mi, zato se jim lahko zdi ena ura dolga celo večnost.

Dogs perceive time differently than we do, so one hour may seem like an eternity.

Čas, ko lastnika ni doma, je še posebej težek za pse, ki so lastnika dobili med epidemijo. Zaradi množičnega zaprtja so bili namreč ves čas z lastnikom, zdaj, ko ljudje zopet hodimo v službo in šolo, pa lahko manj časa preživimo z našimi kosmatimi prijatelji.

The time when their owner is not at home is especially difficult for dogs who got their owner during the epidemic. Due to the lockdown, they were with their owner all the time, and now that people are going to work and school again, we can spend less time with our furry friends.

Pes, ki je bil prej vajen človeške družbe, lastnika toliko bolj pogreša.

A dog that was previously accustomed to human company misses its owner all the more.

Raziskovalka in pasjeljubka Ilyena Hirskyj-Douglas se je zato domislila rešitve. To je pasji telefon (Dog Phone), prek katerega lahko pes pokliče lastnika.

Researcher and dog lover Ilyena Hirskyj-Douglas thus came up with a solution. This is a dog phone through which a dog can call their owner.

Ko se senzor v žogi premakne, sproži videoklic na računalniku. Sporazumevanje je obojestransko, saj tudi lastnik lahko pokliče psa.

When a sensor in the ball moves, it triggers a video call on the computer. Communication is mutual, as the owner can also call the dog.

Raziskovalka je pasji telefon preizkušala s svojim 10-letnim labradorcem Zachom, ki jo je proti koncu klical že petkrat na dan.

The researcher tested the dog phone with her 10-year-old Labrador Zach, who called her five times a day towards the end.

Marsikateri klic, ki ga je Zach opravil, se je najverjetneje zgodil nehote. Enkrat jo je denimo poklical, ker je ponesreči premaknil žogico, ko je iskal igrače v svoji posteljici.

Many of the calls Zach made most likely happened unintentionally. He called her once, for example, because he accidentally moved the ball while looking for toys in his crib.

A ko ga je poklicala ona, se je le redko javil. Da lahko o tem pes sam odloča, je prednost naprave.

But when she called him, he rarely answered. The fact that the dog can decide for himself is an advantage of the device.

»Lastnik lahko spremlja, kje je pes, ga pokliče ali nahrani na daljavo. Toda vse je odvisno od lastnika in pes pri tem nima nobene izbire,« pojasnjuje Ilyena Hirskyj-Douglas.

“The owner can monitor where the dog is, call him or feed him remotely. But it all depends on the owner and the dog has no choice, ”explains Ilyena Hirskyj-Douglas.

»Sedaj ima lahko tudi pes izbiro. Čeprav morda ne razumemo njegove odločitve, to ne pomeni, da se ne bi smel odločati.«

“Now the dog can also have a choice. Although we may not understand his decision, this does not mean that he should not make a decision. "

Read more stories and improve your Slovene at Časoris, while all our dual texts can be found here.

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