Slovene-English Dual Text: Gliste iz Pradavnine

By , 18 Sep 2019, 12:00 PM How to Slovenia
A canine roundworm (Toxascaris leonina) egg. Photo taken through a microscope at 400x. Scale bar = 50 micrometres A canine roundworm (Toxascaris leonina) egg. Photo taken through a microscope at 400x. Scale bar = 50 micrometres Wikimedia - Joel Mills, GNU Free License

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Časoris is an online newspaper aimed at children. Each week we’ll take an article and post it here as a Slovene-English dual text.

Gliste iz pradavnine

Ancient worms

Written by Urša Adamič, translated by JL Flanner & G Translate

V fosiliziranem iztrebku pume, starem približno 17 tisoč let, so paleontologi odkrili ostanke najstarejšega parazita do sedaj.

In the fossilized excrement of a puma about 17,000 years old, palaeontologists have discovered the remains of the oldest parasite known to date.

Glista, katere jajčeca so našli, je danes zelo pogosta pri mačkah, psih in lisicah.

The worms, the eggs of which were found, are very common in cats, dogs and foxes today.

Dolgo so mislili, da se je na divje živali razširila z domačih, vendar to odkritje kaže, da morda ni bilo tako. V času, ko je puma izločila svoj iztrebek z jajčecami gliste, na tistem območju namreč še ni bilo ljudi, torej tudi domačih živali ne.

It has long been thought that the worms spread to wildlife from domestic animals, but this finding suggests that may not have been the case. At the time when the puma passed its faeces with the worm eggs there were no humans in the area, so no domestic animals.

Fosilizirani iztrebki se imenujejo korpoliti in ne smrdijo.

Fossilized faeces are called corpolites and do not stink.

Na prvi pogled so zelo podobni kamnu. Za znanstvenike so pomembni, ker vsebujejo molekule DNK, ki so prava zakladnica informacij.

At first look they are very similar to stone. They are important to scientists because they contain DNA molecules that are a real treasure trove of information.

Iz njih lahko razberejo veliko različnih podatkov o življenju živali in ljudi v davni preteklosti.

From them we can take a lot of different information about the lives of animals and humans in the ancient past.

Tako danes bolje razumemo, s čim se je prehranjeval tiranozaver ali kaj so imeli na jedilniku ljudje v mlajši kameni dobi v Turčiji.

Thus, today we better understand what a tyrannosaur ate or what people in the Early Stone Age in Turkey had on the menu.

Najstarejše zaporedje DNK so znanstveniki sicer izolirali iz konjske kosti, ki se je ohranila v permafrostu v zahodni Kanadi. Pripadala je vrsti divjih konj, ki so živeli pred 700 tisoč leti.

Scientists have isolated the oldest DNA sequences from horse bone preserved in permafrost in western Canada. It belonged to a kind of wild horse that lived 700,000 years ago.

DNK prvih Skandinavcev, ki so skandinavski polotok naselili pred približno 10 tisoč leti, pa so našli kar v prazgodovinski različici žvečilnih gumijev iz brezovega lubja.

The DNA of the first Scandinavians, who settled the Scandinavian peninsula about 10,000 years ago, was found in a prehistoric version of birch bark gum.

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